According to legend, her son was fathered by the god Zeus. ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 63 (trans. Juno, then, finding a bear instead of a girl in that place, pointed her out for Diana [Artemis], who was hunting, to kill. ", Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.

And as he came and went, busy, there caught his eye [Kallisto] a country Nympha of Nonacris and love flared in his heart. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) : Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. "Antiopa of Euripides (which Ennius wrote): Antiopa was the daughter of Nycteus, king in Boeotia; entranced by her great beauty, Jupiter [Zeus] made her pregnant. : Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. It show women from Classical myth seduced by the god Jupiter. I said as far back as Perseus, and I took the matter no further than that, because no one is named as the mortal father of Perseus, as Amphitryon is named father of Herakles . ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2.

53 (trans. He shrank away; those eyes, unmoving, fixed for ever on his own, froze the boy's heart with nameless fear, and as she moved towards him he aimed his javelin to strike her dead. Danaë (or Danaë and the Shower of Gold) is a series of at least six versions of the same composition by Italian painter Titian and his workshop made between about 1544 and the 1560s. The ark drifted ashore at Seriphos, where Diktys recovered the child and brought him up.

In keeping with her deep distrust, the goddess inflicted no light punishment.

When the Oracle of Delphi foresaw that she would birth a son who would one day kill her father, she was locked in a small bronze cell with only a hole for airand a flap for meals. The ignorant lad would have bedded his honed spike in her, but both were whisked to homes above. She fought, it's true, as hard as girls can fight; (would that Saturnia [Hera] had watched, her wrath were less) she fought, but how could any girl succeed, how master Jove? Zeus spotted Danae all miserable in her cell, came down to her in a shower of gold. . to C1st A.D.) : Aelian, Historical Miscellany 1. "Of Bootes also called the Bear-Warden (Arktophylakos). "Perseus, the son of Jove [Zeus] and her whom, in her prison, Juppiter's [Zeus'] golden shower made fertile. "The Great Bear (Arktos Megale)--Hesiod says she [Kallisto] was the daughter of Lykaon and lived in Arkadia. . Thus she became a bear and gave birth to a son called Arkas. Danaë was born to King Acrisius of Argos and his wife Eurydice. 53 (trans. "Juppiter [Zeus] once in a Satyrus' guise had got Nycteis [Antiope daughter of Nykteus] with twins. Now you shall pay! 260 ff (trans. Yet ere long (so sure the power of truth) Acrisius repented of his . According to some, she was also the mother of egg-hatched Helene (though others say this egg was given her by the goddess Nemesis). . She bore him three sons: Minos, Sarpedon and Rhadamanthys.

The bastard boy whom she conceived was no fifteen, when the mother and son came face to face. : Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 63 (trans. ", For MORE information on this woman see ANTIOPE, LOCALE : Sparta, Lakedaimonia (Southern Greece), For the MYTH of Zeus' seduction of Leda in the guise of a swan see LEDA, LOCALE : Mount Lykaios, Arkadia (Southern Greece), Hesiod, The Astronomy Fragment 3 (from Pseudo-Eratosthenes, Catasterismi Frag 1. He named her Arctos (Bear), and her son Arctophylas (Bear Watcher). In this form she bore Arcas. For Tethys, wife of Oceanus, and foster mother of Juno [Hera], forbids its setting in the Oceanus. Danae and Perseus then returned to Argos. She chose to occupy herself with wild-beasts in the mountains together with Artemis, and, when she was seduced by Zeus, continued some time undetected by the goddess, but afterwards, when she was already with child, was seen by her bathing and so discovered. Seeing he was in the way, Polydectes held a feast where all the guests had to provide him with gifts. Silent, her awkward blushes told her shame. 6 : Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. When opportunity presented itself, she fled, and came to her sons.

38. ", Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 2) (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Strabo, Geography 10.

Zeus rescued their unborn son, Dionysos, from her body and sewed him up in his thigh until he was old enought to be born. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C.
113 ff : ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 2.

PANDORA A princess of the Hellenes, one of the daughters of King Deukalion, surviver of the Great Deluge. Diana [Artemis], but for her own chaste innocence, might well have learnt by countless little signs the guilty truth; no doubt the Nymphae knew well. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Ovid, Metamorphoses 4. Danae [was the] daughter of Akrisios. . Hesiod's account presumably went on to describe her liaison with Zeus. : Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) 240 ff (trans. They were exposed, but a herdsman found and reared them, calling one Zethos and the other Amphion. 1 : Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 7 (trans. When her father wished to punish her on account of her disgrace, and threatened harm, Antiopa fled.

She touched the goddess' bow : ‘This bow I touch,’ she cried, ‘Be a witness to my virginity.’ Cynthia [Artemis] praised her, and said : ‘Keep the pledge you vowed and you will be my companions' princeps.’ She would have kept the pledge but for her prettiness. rejection of his grandson's claim.

Arcisius, Perseus' grandfather, had asked an oracle if he would ever have any kids; the answer he got was shocking and led him to live in a life of paranoia. as Keteos. Homer, Iliad 14. "[Artemis] slew Kallisto with a shot of her silver bow. But others say that when Jupiter [Zeus] was pursuing Callisto in the woods, Juno [Hera] suspecting what had happened, hurried there so that she could say she had caught him openly. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) ANTIOPE A lady of Thebes in Boiotia (central Greece) who was seduced by Zeus in the shape of Satyros. Pregnant she ran away from her threatening father to Epopeos in Sikyon, who married her. Polydectes asked Perseus to kill Medusa and the young hero agreeed. "The stream Neda [in Arkadia] . According to some, her first born son, Hellen, was fathered by Zeus rather than Deukalion. Her son at once followed her, and the Arcadians in pursuit were trying to kill them [for the sacrilege], when Jupiter [Zeus], mindful of his indiscretion, rescued her and placed her and her son among the constellations.

. . "The Greeks recount these kings of the Dorians as far back as Perseus son of Danae - they make no mention of the god [Zeus, the father of Perseus] - and prove these kings to be Greek; for by that time they had come to be classified as Greeks. Phoebe [Artemis] returned from hunting scores of forest beasts, as the sun occupied or passed midday. Zeus slept with Antiope, daughter of Nykteos.

Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : to C1st A.D.) : Nonnus, Dionysiaca 16.

However, killing or arranging their death himself would be terrible crime and would lose him favour from gods and men alike, so he decided to have them placed in a chest and thrown out to sea so their fate was decided by the gods. Questioned by Diana as to the reason for her swollen form, she replied that it was the goddess' fault, and because of this reply, Diana changed her into the shape we mentioned above. ", Homerica, Contest of Homer and Hesiod 316 ff (trans. Zeus spotted Danae all miserable in her cell, came down to her in a shower of gold. The Sea-Gods (Di Mari) gave assent, and Saturnia [Hera] departed heavenwards through the cloudless air.

576 ff (trans. [see Family]. .

Later on the king of the island, Polydectes, started to pursue Danae and wanted her to become his wife. Shewring) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) : Hesiod, The Astronomy Fragment 3 (from Commentary Supplementary on Aratus 547) : Homerica, Contest of Homer and Hesiod 316 ff (trans. ‘No spy is near,’ she said, ‘here let us strip and bathe.’ The poor girl Parrhasis [Kallisto] blushed; they all undressed; one lingered waiting. How often in the lonely woods she feared to lay her head, and wandered to and fro before her home, through her familiar fields! He then transformed back and laid with her. Jones) (Greek geographer C1st B.C. ", Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. In fear of the wrath of Hera, he hid her beneath the earth, where she gave birth to a son the Gigante Tityos. About him we shall speak later. Danaë was a princess of Argos, the daughter of King Acrisius and mother of Perseus. Zeus is the god of thunder and the king of all of the Greek gods.

Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : A prophecy about her said that the child she bore would kill Acrisius, and Acrisius, fearing this, shut her in a stone-walled prison. Jones) (Greek geographer C1st B.C. 3.

His own Arcadia was his weightiest care . Antiopa had been given over to Dirce, Lycus' wife, for punishment. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Callimachus, Hymn 1 to Zeus 40 ff (trans. : Araethus of Tegea, however, writer of histories, says that she wasn't Callisto, but Megisto, and wasn't the daughter of Lycaon, but of Ceteus, and so granddaughter of Lycaon. The other details agree with what has been said above.

: Fearful for his life, Acrisius locked poor Danae up in a bronze tower to prevent the prophecy from coming true. 111 :

But Zetus, thinking her a runaway, did not accept her. ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 33. [see Family], PROTOGENEIA A princess of the Hellenes, one of the daughters of King Deukalion, surviver of the Great Deluge. "[Odysseus in the Underworld:] I saw [the shade of] Antiope, the daughter of Asopos; it was her pride to have slept in the arms of Zeus himself. Opening it, Dictys discovered Danae and her baby still alive.

Callisto, daughter of Lycaon, put in the constellation Septentrio. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic B.C.) "There are traditions in Akhaia that even Zeus himself took on the appearance of a pigeon (piresteros) when he fell in love with a girl called Phthia. But as Amphis, writer of comedies [Athenian C4th B.C. Afterwards Jove put her among the number of the stars as a constellation called Septentrio [Ursa Major], which does not move from tis place, nor does it set. When they were about to kill Lycus, Mercurius [Hermes] forbade them, and at the same time ordered Lycus to yield the kingdom to Amphion. to C1st A.D.) : Homer, Odyssey 11. Juno [Hera], the Thunderer's (Totantis) consort, knew the truth long since, and had deferred until due time her dire revenge, and now the time was due. The moon's horns had replenished its circle ten times: the supposed virgin was now a mother. Zeus' offspring included Moirai, Horae, Muses, Persephone, Dionysus, Heracles, Apollo, Artemis, Ares, Hebe, Hermes, Athena, and Aphrodite. "Zeus who gathers the clouds answered her [his wife Hera] : ‘.

1 (trans. But Lycus married Dirce.

. She was transformed into a bear by a wrathful goddess into a bear and in this form bare a son named Arkas. Later, Danae came to the attention of Polydectes, King of Seriphos. So great my sovereignty!

", Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 8 :

"Descending from Krounoi [in Arkadia] for about thirty stades you come to the grave of Kallisto, a high mound of earth, whereon grow many trees, both cultivated and also those that bear no fruit. . She was the mother by Zeus (or by her husband Aithlios) of Endymion. 3. ", Ovid, Fasti 2. Juppiter [Zeus] saw her there, weary and unprotected and alone. identifies her father as Nykteos, and Pherekydes [writer C6th B.C.]

Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C.

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