[1], Breen was the youngest of three sons born to Mary and Hugh A. Breen in Philadelphia. [6] The Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America (MPPDA) had, up until then, enforced the motion picture industry's own self-censorship standards, albeit not very seriously.

Breen was raised in a strict Roman Catholic home and attended Gesu Parish School until the eighth grade.

During the late 1980s and early 1990s, actor Joe Breen became a familiar face on daytime soap operas with starring roles as Paul Slavinsky on Loving, Will Jeffries in Guiding Light and Scott Eldridge on As the World Turns. [2] He then attended Boys Catholic High School. [20], In 1951, Breen's office refused to approve Otto Preminger's film The Moon Is Blue because of objections to the dialogue.

Joe is a farmer's son who had never acted before he auditioned for the role of the young Frank McCourt in Angelas Ashes. [28], After Breen's death, Variety magazine wrote that Breen was "one of the most influential figures in American culture" and that "more than any single individual, he shaped the moral stature of the American motion picture. Joseph Breen is an actor, known for Mission: Impossible (1966), Mannix (1967) and Sea Hunt (1958).

"[13], William Dudley Pelley, founder of the anti-Semitic organization the Silver Legion of America, believed that Jews controlled the movie industry, which he thought to be the "most effective propaganda medium in America", during the 1930s. Around the same time, Howard Hughes, owner of RKO, released The French Line, featuring revealing images of actress Jane Russell in a bathing suit, despite the fact that Breen had refused to approve the picture for release.

[26] One of their other children, Thomas, whose right leg was amputated due to a combat injury on Guam during World War II, was cast in a feature role in Jean Renoir's 1950 film The River, playing a wounded war veteran. He specifically warned Hollywood producers to avoid the topic altogether, saying that "[t]here is a strong pro-German and anti-Semitic feeling in this country ... and while those who are likely to approve of an anti-Hitler picture may think well of such an enterprise, they should keep in mind that millions of Americans might think otherwise. For instance, Samuel Goldwyn publicly insisted that the production code be revised. "[17] Breen claimed that plans to make such pictures were being coordinated through the Hollywood Anti-Nazi League, which he claimed was "conducted and financed almost entirely by Jews". [23] On his retirement he was presented with an honorary Academy Award[1] for "his conscientious, open-minded and dignified management of the Motion Picture Production Code". Joe Breen, Actor: Room-Mates. Renoir was not aware at the time that Thomas was Joseph Breen's son. Joseph Ignatius Breen (October 14, 1888 – December 5, 1965) was an American film censor with the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America who applied the Hays Code to film production. In 1933 and 1934 the Legion along with a number of Protestant and women's groups launched plans to boycott films that they deemed immoral. Check out some of the IMDb editors' favorites movies and shows to round out your Watchlist. In response to this encouragement, American Roman Catholics formed the Committee of Catholics to Fight Anti-Semitism. As a result of Breen's anticommunist views, the censorship board pressured Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer to drop plans to film Sinclair Lewis's anti-fascist novel, It Can't Happen Here. After 1934, he was "publicly and forthrightly anti-antisemitic. In 1993 he was fired from As the World Turns after the news surfaced in the National Enquirer that he was HIV-positive. Joseph I. Breen, Film Code Chief; Watchdog of Movie Morals For Years Is Dead at 75. Those events brought tremendous support from groups all over the country.
[22], In 1954, the same year he retired, in responding to these events in an interview with Aline Mosby, Breen claimed that "after the events of the past 10 months — The French Line, The Moon is Blue and Goldwyn — the code is more entrenched than ever before. Choose an adventure below and discover your next favorite movie or TV show.

Breen did so, and issued a statement himself, which said, in part, "In my judgement there is nothing more important for us Catholics to do at the present moment [July 1939] than to use our energies in stemming the tide of racial bigotry and hostility. Looking for some great streaming picks? Hence he applauded the fact that Breen had assumed the power to censor Hollywood. [14] Breen, who also expressed anti-Semitic views[15], was deeply worried that Jewish filmmakers would try to use Nazi mistreatment of Jews during the 1930s as a vehicle for propaganda. View agent, publicist, legal and company contact details on IMDbPro

Joseph Breen was born on July 5, 1958 in Katonah, New York, USA.

Joseph Ignatius Breen (October 14, 1888 – December 5, 1965) was an American film censor with the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America who applied the Hays Code to film production. Joe Breen. Re-Examining the Lesbian Vampire and Dracula’S Daughter During a Movement Against Discrimination, Scripted U.S. TV series that lasted 20 seasons or more, Characters Featured In Empire And Premiere's Best Characters Lists, The Best TV Shows About Being in Your 30s. [5], In 1933, the Roman Catholic National Legion of Decency was founded, and began to rate films independently, putting pressure on the industry. Joseph Breen was born on July 5, 1958 in Katonah, New York, USA. In the 2004 film The Aviator, Breen was portrayed by Edward Herrmann.

He … [7], Hays appointed the "tough Irish Catholic" Breen to head the Production Code Administration (PCA), a newly created department of the MPPDA, created to administer the Motion Picture Production Code. "[20] Breen retired from the PCA and was replaced by Geoffrey Shurlock. "[4] The trade magazine went on to say that Breen enforced the PCA code "with a potent mix of missionary zeal and administrative tenacity."[4]. He is an actor, known for Angela's Ashes (1999) and On Home Ground (2001). Looking for something to watch? [10], After ten years of unsuccessful voluntary codes and expanding local censorship boards, the studio approved and agreed to enforce the codes, and the nationwide production code was enforced starting on July 1, 1934. [5], but returned to the PCA in 1942. He died at the age of 77 on December 5, 1965, at the Brentwood Convalescent Home in Los Angeles and was buried at Holy Cross Cemetery, Culver City. [3] He attended Saint Joseph's College but dropped out after two years, after which he worked as a newspaper reporter for fourteen years in Philadelphia, Washington, D.C., and Chicago. Daniel Lord, SJ, promoted the cause.

Pryors, Thomas S. (October 15, 1954).

[8] Unlike previous attempts at self-censorship, PCA decisions became binding — no film could be exhibited in an American theater without a stamp of approval from the PCA.

"Breen is Retired as Movie Censor; At Own Request, Director of Code Leaves Office -- Chief Aide Successor", Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America, Committee of Catholics to Fight Anti-Semitism, "Film Censor Finds Censorship Begins at Home — Breen Selects the Movies His Children See", "Was Hollywood's Famed Censor an Antisemite? "[11], Breen has been accused of anti-Semitism[12] because of a few personal letters he wrote in the early 1930s. ‘Skin: A History of Nudity in the Movies’ Film Review: The Naked Truth? He is an actor, known for, ‘Skin: A History of Nudity in the Movies’ Review: A Documentary Lays the Cinema Bare. Staff report (December 8, 1965). [3] After working as a reporter, Breen worked for the United States Foreign Service for four years, serving in Kingston, Jamaica, and in Toronto, Canada.
[24], Breen married Mary Dervin in February 1914, with whom he had six children, three boys and three girls. [4] Breen worked for Will H. Hays as a "troubleshooter" as early as 1931. "[19] He briefly put in a stint as the general manager of RKO Pictures. [25] Their son Joseph Breen, Jr. was a writer and director. [27], After his retirement, Breen moved to Phoenix, Arizona, with his wife Mary. According to author Thomas Doherty, this outburst was likely a reaction to Breen's sudden immersion in the alien Hollywood culture rather than an expression of deeply held beliefs, stating that "The antisemitic bile erupted during the pre-Code era, when Breen, newly arrived in Hollywood, was shocked by the folkways of the locals and anguished by his inability to purify the screen." Joe Breen, Actor: Angela's Ashes. Date of Birth: 1990 Country of Birth: Ireland.

[16] He was concerned that Germans would be offended by harsh depiction of Nazis. He is an actor, known for, Carlene Carter on Return to Tennessee, New Bluebird Cafe Series, Interview: Alan K. Rode Brings ‘Noir City’ to Chicago’s Music Box Theatre, Jane Russell, Actress And Legendary Pinup, Dead At 89. Notes.

Joe Breen was born in 1990 in Ferns, County Wexford, Ireland. He is an actor, known for Angela's Ashes (1999) and On Home Ground (2001). The two authors of the Hays Code, Martin J. Quigley and the Rev. In these letters, he lamented the immorality of the filmmakers. [4], By the mid-1950s, Breen's power over Hollywood was diminishing.

Quigley asked Breen to help gather statements of support from Catholics in the Hollywood film industry. He is an actor, known for Ingrid Goes West (2017), Loving (1983) and Guiding Light (1952). [21] United Artists backed Preminger in his decision to release the movie without Breen's approval. Joe Breen was born in 1990 in Ferns, County Wexford, Ireland. "[18], Breen resigned from the PCA in April 1941, attributing his departure to "overwork and the need of a long rest. Joe Breen is an actor, known for Room-Mates (2016) and Gore Theatre 2 (2019). [16], In 1938, largely in response to Nazi activities in Germany, Pope Pius XI denounced anti-Semitism, stating that "it is not possible for Christians to take part in anti-Semitism". [9] Liberty Magazine wrote in 1936 that Breen's appointment gave him "more influence in standardizing world thinking than Mussolini, Hitler, or Stalin. Joseph Breen, Actor: Mission: Impossible. [9] Any producer attempting to do so faced a fine of $25,000. ", "Movie Censorship Faces Strongest Challenge Now", "Censors try tempering growing movie violence", Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Joseph_Breen&oldid=967036821, Burials at Holy Cross Cemetery, Culver City, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 July 2020, at 19:03.

He suffered from poor health in his later years and eventually lost the use of his legs.

[1], Breen was a journalist and an "influential layperson" in the Catholic community. Mini Bio (1) Joe Breen was born in 1990 in Ferns, County Wexford, Ireland. [7] Hays, who had been in charge of enforcing this voluntary code since 1927, worried that the NLD's efforts could weaken his own power and that of his office, and hurt industry profits. His father had emigrated from Ireland and met his mother Mary in New Jersey. Discover what to watch this November including a Marvel docu-series, a '90s reboot, and a Star Wars holiday celebration. Check out our editors' picks for the movies and TV shows we're excited about this month, including the premieres of "Marvel 616," Proxima, and more.

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