He is buried in a small chapel in the Theatinerkirche in Munich, Kingdom of Bavaria, now in Bavaria, Germany,  while his heart is entombed at the Shrine of Our Lady of Altötting. He had two children, Trouvez les Maximilian Ii Of Bavaria images et les photos d’actualités parfaites sur Getty Images. Georg Wilhelm of Hesse-Darmstadt (=10), 31. Katharine Polyxene, Countess of Solms Rodelheim, 12. However, his tendency to rely heavily on the advice of his ministers, along with his frequent travels, often led to long delays before any decisions were made. The King, having read his novels and fairy tales, let Andersen know that he was deeply impressed by The Improvisator, En Digters Bazar, The Little Mermaid and Paradisets Have. (3 years younger). on Wednesday, October 12th, 1842. He officially became the Maximilian I Joseph, the first King of Bavaria on January 1, 1806. He also had several other residences built, including a villa on Rose Island which later became a favorite getaway of his son, King Ludwig II. Charlotte Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg, 11. Theatine Church Georg Wilhelm of Hesse-Darmstadt (=30), 21. Geibel, Liebig and Sybel) to Munich, regardless of their religious views. Cambridge University Press. He married with Marie of Prussia (63), This event was known as the Punctation of Olmütz but also known as the "Humiliation of Olmütz" by Prussia. Attempts by Prussia to reorganize the loose and un-led German Confederation, were opposed by Bavaria and Austria while taking part in its own discussions with Austria and other allies in 1863 in Frankfurt without Prussia and its allies attending. (13 years younger) , Princess In the aftermath of the failure of the Frankfurt Assembly, Prussia and Austria continued to debate of which monarchy had the inherent right to rule Germany. Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Maximilian II of Bavaria ( 28 November 1811 – 10 March 1864) was king of Bavaria from 1848 until 1864. (11 years younger) , Princess Ernst Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen, 25. Princess Maximilian came to the throne suddenly on March 20, 1848, when his father abdicated, and quickly introduced reforms to the constitution to establish a more constitutional monarchy. Kingdom of Bavaria: The House of Wittelsbach ruled as Dukes, Electors, and Kings of Bavaria from 1180 until 1918. By his wife, Marie Friederike Franziska Hedwig, daughter of Prince William of Prussia, whom he married in 1842, he had two sons, Ludwig II of Bavaria and Otto of Bavaria, both of whom became king, declared insane and deposed. 14.04.2016 - Bavaria, Maximilian II. Although, however, from 1850 onwards his government tended in the direction of absolutism, he refused to become the tool of the clerical reaction, and even incurred the bitter criticism of the Ultramontanes by inviting a number of celebrated men of learning and science (e.g. He worked to transform Munich into one of the most cultural and educational cities in Europe, and funded studies into the art, costumes, and customs of the Bavarian people, promoting a sense of national identity in the face of growing Pan-Germanism. He also supported many writers and developed a close friendship with the Danish writer, Hans Christian Anderson. Maximilian II of Bavaria was 30 and Marie of Prussia was 16 years old. King Maximilian II died suddenly on March 10, 1864, after a very brief illness. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! On January 23, 1842, Maximilian became engaged to Princess Marie Friederike of Prussia, the daughter of Prince Wilhelm of Prussia and Marie Anne of Hesse-Homburg. As crown prince, in the chateau of Hohenschwangau near Füssen, which he had rebuilt with excellent taste, he gathered about him an intimate society of artists and men of learning and devoted his time to scientific and historical study. He had eight younger siblings: Maximilian studied history and constitutional law at the University of Göttingen and the Friedrich Wilhelm University of Berlin (now Humboldt University) from 1829-1831 and reportedly said that had he not been born into his position, he would have liked to be a professor. When his first child, Ludwig II of Bavaria, was born, Maximilian II of Bavaria was 33 years old. He is buried in the Theatinerkirche in Munich. After 21 years, 4 months , in 1864 Marie passed away. Unlike his father, who focused much on his personal interests and extravagance, Maximilian focused primarily on his duties. It was this loyal service to Napoleon through which Maximilian’s electorate was created the Kingdom of Bavaria with Maximilian at its king. Another of Maximilian’s passions was architecture and the building and restoring of several royal residences. King Maximilian II was the principal of the Maximilianstrasse and the Bavarian National Museum in Munich. source: Wikipedia. . This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). King Maximilian II of Bavaria was born November 28, 1811, in Munich, Kingdom of Bavaria, now in Bavaria, Germany, the eldest son of King Ludwig I of Bavaria and Princess Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen. Hans Christian Andersen visited "King Max" (as he called him) in his castle Starnberg, and write of him as a young, highly amiable man. Learn more about royalty, past and present here and share your thoughts on our forums. At home, he was a strong supporter of science and the arts. However, the Prussian army backed down and accepted the principle of dual leadership. Noté /5. Maximilian II responded also to the demands of the people for a united German state, by attending the Frankfurt Assembly which intended to create such a state. Countess Caroline of Erbach-Fürstenau, 27. Maximilian IV Joseph, Prince-Elector of Bavaria allied his electorate with Napoleon and adopted many of the French beliefs of the Enlightenment. King Maximilian II of Bavaria. He was also an avid hiker, and while on a hike in 1829, he came across the ruins of Hohenschwangau Castle. In his German policy Maximilian was guided by the desire to maintain the union of the princes, and hoped to attain this as against the perilous rivalry of Austria and Prussia by the creation of a league of the "middle" and small states - the so-called Trias. read more. Maximilian II of Bavaria was born on the 28th of November 1811, which was a Thursday, Princess Mathilde Caroline of Bavaria, 48, Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Hildburghausen, 60, Princess Louise of Saxe-Hildburghausen, 31.

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