The winds were strong enough to knock down large trees, many over 50 years old and 50 ft (15 m). [6] However, a preliminary reanalysis released in 2008 suggested peak winds of 155 mph (249 km/h). High rainfall damaged portions of North Woodstock, although water damage was generally minor. Hurricane Gloria was the first significant system to strike the northeastern United States since Hurricane Agnes in 1972 and the first major storm to affect New York and Long Island directly since Hurricane Donna in 1960.It was a powerful Cape Verde-type hurricane that formed during the 1985 Atlantic hurricane season, originating from a tropical wave on September 16 in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Storm flooding closed several highways, including Delaware Route 1. [33] It was replaced with Grace in the 1991 season. For other storms of the same name, see, Hurricane Gloria near peak intensity north of, A major hurricane is a Category 3 or higher on the, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Baltimore–Washington International Airport, List of wettest tropical cyclones in Massachusetts, 10.1175/1520-0493(1986)114<1390:AHSO>2.0.CO;2, "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT version 2)", Reanalysis of Ten U.S. Landfalling Hurricanes, "Emergency preparedness near nuclear power plants", "Danger! Wind and rain warnings were issued for parts of Quebec, New Brunswick and Newfoundland, according to Environment Canada. In North Carolina, high waves damaged many homes along the Outer Banks and caused heavy beach erosion. Strong winds downed trees and power lines, which damaged homes and cars. [7][8] This was only about three days after Henri struck the same general area as a much weaker tropical storm. The center of Gloria passed about 30 mi (48 km) offshore eastern Maryland. The hurricane destroyed a radio tower in Framingham and damaged hundreds of homes in the eastern portion of the state. Along Long Island in New York, hundreds of thousands of people evacuated their homes, and a state of emergency was declared for several counties. Copyright © 2020 WABC-TV. Damage was heaviest in Sussex County, although the storm damaged corn and soybean crops in northern Delaware. It was a powerful Cape Verde hurricane that formed during the 1985 Atlantic hurricane season, originating from a tropical wave on September 16 in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. There was about $2.5 million in crop damage, mostly to the apple crop. High waves also damaged piers, boats, and docks throughout the Mid-Atlantic states. … The winds downed thousands of trees, many of which knocked down power lines. The extended power outage on Long Island, affecting 1.5 million people at some point, caused the Long Island Lighting Company to be shut down and be replaced with a public company. In Maine, all power outages were restored in 11 days. There were two deaths in Rhode Island; one was related to a fallen tree, and one occurred when a man was trying to secure his boat. [5] At peak intensity, the hurricane was located about 930 mi (1500 km) southeast of Cape Hatteras in North Carolina,[2] and had an eye diameter of only 8 mi (13 km). A tropical wave[nb 2] moved off the west coast of Africa on September 15. The strongest winds in the region occurred after the center passed the area. [2], Along Long Island, the high storm surge flooded hundreds of streets and caused heavy beach erosion. A minimal surge of around 1.3 ft (0.4 ft) occurred in neighboring South Carolina, where winds were below tropical storm force. [10], While Gloria was off the east coast of Florida, the NHC issued a hurricane watch from Edisto Beach, South Carolina to Cape Henry, Virginia, which was upgraded to a hurricane warning at 1000 UTC on September 26, or 19.5 hours before landfall. [20] In addition, some unofficial reports in southeastern Virginia indicated amounts of up to 8 inches (200 mm) of rain. Gloria brought strong wind gusts, which downed trees and left hundreds of thousands without power. [15], At the same time Gloria was making landfall on Long Island, a storm warning was issued for western New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. The timing helped, but as the storm churned northeastward it did drop heavy rainfall and enough wind to knock out power to 2,000,000 residents. By two hours before Gloria's landfall on Long Island, a hurricane warning was in effect for the same area, after warnings were gradually extended further north. Gloria had been a Category 3 hurricane with 125 mph winds, but was a shadow of her former self when she hit Long Island and then Connecticut. [29], On Long Island, thousands were left without power for over a week,[9] until the last outages were restored two weeks after the storm on October 8. [2] Rainfall in the state reached 8.04 in (204 mm) at Unadilla,[19] although was much less near the coast, reaching 3.48 in (88.4 mm) in Central Park. In neighboring Pennsylvania, wind gusts reached 56 mph (90 km/h) in Allentown, which knocked down many trees and left thousands without power. Central Park reported a gust of 51 mph (83 km/h). Fallen trees also damaged 16 homes and several vehicles. [9] There was a small F1 tornado in Middlesex County that damaged trees. Today, I doubt even that number. [19], High waves washed away 30 ft (9.1 m) of a fishing pier in Virginia Beach, Virginia. Gloria started as a wave off the west Africa coast on September 16. This declaration allowed those counties to apply for disaster assistance. Damage was heaviest near Hartford, and overall storm damage was estimated at $91 million. [4] During this time, it moved generally westward due to a strong ridge to the north. [9], About an hour after striking Long Island, Gloria made its final landfall in western Connecticut near Westport, and proceeded to move through New England while weakening. [17][2] Gloria was the first significant hurricane to affect New England since Hurricane Donna in 1960. Hurricane-force winds and gusts affected much of the path, which knocked down trees and power lines. [9], It is believed peak gusts reached 115 mph (185 km/h) in eastern Long Island. [22] New Hampshire was affected only slightly from the hurricane, and was limited to minor wind damage and localized flooding.

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