Koller comments: When the Sukta bears the name of a female Rshika, all the genders used in the Mantras of that Sukta are feminine. For you a new vedas hymns, Lord of Bays, is fashioned. The following hymn to Indra, asking him to destroy the Dasyas, the aborigines, and give food and a camp with running water, bears internal evidence that it was composed at a time when the Aryans were invading India: 1 Glad you: your glory has been quaffed, Lord of Bay Steeds, as ’were the bowl’s enlivening mead. Vyasa categorised the primordial single Veda into four. Preserve us evermore with blessings.”. Overview. This Mandala is thus also called as Vasishtha Mandala.Vasishtha was a contemporary of Rishi Vishvamitra and the Purohit (priest) of Raja Ramchandra. Lauded, glorified with praises, let power swell. This reference clearly calls these four ‘persons’ as Devatas or deities and not Rishis. The Rishis explicitly speak of ancient and new vedas hymns. The four Vedas are collectively known as “Chathurveda,” of which the first three Vedas viz., Rig Veda, Sama Veda and Yajur Veda agree in form, language and content. The oral tradition continued for many generations, so the exact date cannot be reached. ” . All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. However, Arya Samaj and some Hindu scholars opine that these Rishis are not the ones who conjured up the mantras. Many believe that Sage Veda Vyasa wrote them around 3100 BCE, but the fact is that he just divided the complete vedas into four parts. In some Suktas, the Devata (deity) of one mantra is the Rishi ofnext mantra and vice versa. The meaning of the word Rishi (ऋषि ) as given in Nirukt is Rishi darshanat (ऋषिर Vedas also contain the mention of the family trees called the varnas (Brahmin, Kshatriya, etc) of some Rishis. The hymns of the Rigveda themselves supply us with numerous data by which we can judge of the circumstances to which they owed their origin and of the manner in which they were created. Think for a While! His name occurs 45times. To use the technical term the vedas are called Apaurusheya i.e. - Definition & Cycle, The Four Goals of Hindu Life: Kama, Artha, Dharma & Moksha, The Four Noble Truths & the Eightfold Path to Enlightenment, The Branches of Buddhism: Theravada, Mahayana & Vajrayana, Intro to Humanities Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans, DSST Introduction to World Religions: Study Guide & Test Prep, WEST Middle Level Humanities (Subtests 1 & 2)(052/053): Practice & Study Guide, Principles of Business Ethics: Certificate Program, MTTC Social Studies (Elementary) (105): Practice & Study Guide, UExcel Business Ethics: Study Guide & Test Prep, ILTS Music (143): Test Practice and Study Guide, Introduction to World Religions: Certificate Program, World Religions for Teachers: Professional Development, Psychology 105: Research Methods in Psychology, Biological and Biomedical In later times when the Vedas were claimed to be eternal, it was pretended that these Rishis were only the ones by whom hymns “were seen” or to whom they were communicated. The assumption that Vedas are eternal makes many Hindus to say that Rishis were given the Vedas. Sirau means two heads. You Decide What to Choose. | Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Atharvaveda, Yajurveda | God or Rishis or Apaurusheyas. To use the technical term the vedas are called Apaurusheya i.e. Shuna means dog. Facts of the RSS Ideology of fascism and reverence to Hitler. There are 27 Nakshatras in Indian Astrology. Earlier to him, all 4 of them existed together. Some Hindus might respond that by the new Rishis and Hymns are meant the Rishis and Hymns of the present life, while the old Rishis and vedas hymns are of the previous life. Now, if the Rishi was only a seer of the mantras, how is it possible that in a particular Sukta, the Rishi becomes a Devata  in one mantra and a Devata becomes a Rishi in another? However, the reference given in Origin of the Vedas in Part 1 Video earlier from Chandogya Upanishad (4:17:1-2) disproves this assertion. Vedas existed since time immemorial. Although it is not known exactly who wrote this work, there are several sections which are attributed to several different families, although they are... Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. Who wrote vedas ? 8 Maghavanweareth every shape at pleasure, effecting magic changes in his body, Holy One, drinker out of season, coming thrice, in a moment, through fit prayers, from heaven. 9 The mighty sage, God-born and God-incited, who looks on men, restrained the billowy river. The vedas hymns show us Aryan tribes lived in a state of warfare with surrounding enemies (some of them, probably, alien in race and language), and gradually, as we may infer, forcing their way onward to the east and south. This is sufficient to show that Rishis were the ones who made up the mantras. From Gnanis World the legitimate conclusion for the question who wrote vedas is that the Vedic hymns were written by the authors whose names they bear, and they are not eternal and also not Inspired by God. For example, Vishwamitra ji is the Rishi of the third Mandal (Book) of Rigveda. Vedas are not composed in present era, so atleast one cycle of the precession of equinoxes must have been completed. The word Vyasa means split, differentiate, or describe. May all the Holy Ones of earth and heaven, and the Cow’s offspring hear our invocation”, “Full Many songs have met in you, O Indra, and many a noble thought from you proceed. The Sun replied, ” The dog, because today is the end of the year. Arya Samajis and Some Hindu Apologists claims that Vedas were revealed to four Rishis, viz, Agni, Vayu, Angria and Surya. Not only the names of Rishis but also the names of their contemporary rulers and rishis appear in the Vedic Mantras. It is a record of the number of verses, name and family of Rishis, names of deities, etc. Authorship: Sometimes authorship is easy to know because an author's name is put on the work. They were handed down from the father to son as the most valuable heirloom. So, readers stay tuned for the episode 3 of season 1  (Answering Hinduism Gnanis World) to do one more analysis to know are vedas really eternal or not. Subtracting present 2000 years AD will lead the date to 25720 BCE. If yes, then why is his name not mentioned in the Vedas? The same argument would prove every book to be eternal. Hitherward the gods.”, Secondly, Rigveda 10:54:6 ascribes the making of vedas hymns to a Rishi, “An acceptable and honorific hymn has been uttered to Indra by Brihaduktha, maker of vedas hymns”, Thirdly, Again it is mentioned in Rigveda 7:22:9, “Among all Rishis, Indra, old and recent, who have engendered hymns as sacred singers, even with us be thine auspicious friendships. These verses concern themselves with proper religious observance and practice, based on the universal vibrations as understood by the sages who first heard them, but also address fundamental questions regarding existence. Ofcourse, if many precessions passed since that hymn was composed, then the age of Rig Veda will be multiples of 25920 years. Become a Study.com member to unlock this 1 2 3. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. High like rivers for the singer. Other times, especially going far back into the past, it is much more difficult to determine who composed the work. by looking at the evidence Gnanis World sees Rishis are the writers of vedas. Did Indra help Sudas through your devotions.”. He rests his opinion to the difference of dates on the evidence of language. For example, see Rigveda 10:51, where adialogue is going on between Agni Sauchik and the Devata. Wiki User Answered . Rishis or Apaurusheyas : The belief of the Hindus is that the Vedas are supernatural productions. The Rig Veda: An Anthology is a selection of 108 hymns from the ancient Sanskrit collection of religious poetry, the earliest substantial literary composition in an Indo-European language. They supply us with numerous specimen of the particular sorts of prayers, viz., for protection and victory, which men circumstanced would naturally address to the gods whom they worshipped as well as of the more common applications which men in general offer up for the various blessings that constitute the sum of human welfare. According to the belief of Arya Samaj and some Hindu apologists, if these are the same Vedas that have always been then classifying the vedas hymns into old and new is meaningless. Rigveda 5:2:11 says, “As a skilled craftsman makes a car, a singer I, Mighty One! So, Hindu apologists Cannot Blame the Pastors Saying Pastors cannot get away with saying that Bible is the only true word of God. Vedas are believed to be written by Lord Brahma. When we read the Vedas, we find the name of a Rishi mentioned with every Sukta (hymn), who can be considered as the author of that particular Sukta. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. As Gnanis world have already said that the names of the Rishis of each hymn are found in the Anukarmani. the Mrigasira Nakshatra. The Vedic and Upanishadic Periods: Description, Influences & Texts, The God Vishnu: Incarnations, Attributes & Facts, The Bhagavad Gita's Story of Arjuna & Krishna: The Three Paths to Salvation, The Three Baskets and the Dhammapada: Description & Overview, The Aryans in the Indus Valley: Texts, Castes & Beliefs, The Hindu Belief System: Dharma, Karma, and Moksha, Moksha in Hinduism: Definition & Overview, What Is Reincarnation in Hinduism? We may ask that has Swami Dayanand ji really understood any portion of the Vedas. Rig Veda: The Rig Veda is the oldest of the works comprised of 10 books (known as mandalas) of 1,028 hymns of 10,600 verses. Rather, they were the people who comprehended the meaning of the hymns by their meditation. In present era, rains start in india when sun enters Canis Major (Mrigasira Nakshatra) in Niryanaya method. What is the name of a Rishi doing inside a Vedic Mantra? 2012-08-24 20:08:38 2012-08-24 20:08:38. If it was asserted that these referred to other persons of the same name who lived long before or that they were prophecies, the conclusion would be that it was an attempt to support one falsehood by another. Who wrote vedas ? Asked by Wiki User. If the Rishis were only seers, how come did the tales of their mutual conflicts find their way into Vedic Mantras?

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