It showed that 78% of the women scientists and 71% of the male scientists working in that state were childless.[40]. [64], In 2015, there were 476,649 asylum applications. Until World War II the Poles were recognized as one of the national minorities. While speaking a dialect outside its native region might be frowned upon, in their native regions some dialects can be spoken by all social classes. It must be said, however, that an overwhelming number of Germans in Poland have centuries-old historical ties to the lands they now inhabit, whether from living in territory that once belonged to the German state, or from centuries-old communities. Dutch is taught in states bordering the Netherlands, and Polish in the eastern states bordering Poland. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. reducing population. Many dialects, for example the Upper German varieties, are to some degree cultivated as symbols of regional identity and have their own literature, theaters and some TV programming. Statistisches Bundesamt. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends. Median age for Germans with at least one parent born abroad was 33.8 years, while that for Germans, who had two parents born in Germany was 44.6 years. Kinderzahl und Kinderlosigkeit in Deutschland nach Bildungs- und Berufsgruppen. As Europe's largest economy and second most populous nation (after Russia), Germany is a key member of the continent's economic, political, and defense organizations. [71] Illiteracy rates of youngsters vary by ethnic group and parents' socioeconomic class. They are the last remnants of the Slavs that lived in central and eastern Germany since the 7th century to have kept their traditions and not been completely integrated into the wider German nation. [69] Nearly all German universities are public institutions, tuition fees in the range of €500 were introduced in some states after 2006, but quickly abolished again until 2014. While most of these immigrants initially arrived as guest workers, Germany has also been a prime destination for refugees who have applied for asylum in Germany, in part because the German constitution has long had a clause guaranteeing political asylum as a human right; but restrictions over the years have since limited the scope of this guarantee. Mothers are more likely to work and as a result less likely to be economically deprived than they used to be. As of 2009[update], the principal cause of death was cardiovascular disease, at 42%, followed by malignant tumours, at 25%. Domestic consumption, investment, and exports are likely to drive German GDP growth in 2018, and the country’s budget and trade surpluses are likely to remain high. The Bertelsmann Foundation provides data for population and population growth for 2,959 municipalities in Germany (January 2006 publication). The 14th coordinated population projection of the official statistics covers the period up to 2060. The figures of the, Ethnic minorities and migrant background (. Source: Munich Statistical Office (Statistisches Amt der Landeshauptstadt München). Since then, Germany has expended considerable funds to bring eastern productivity and wages up to western standards. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 2008, Bujard, Martin (Hrsg.) The German headquarters of many international enterprises are in Stuttgart. The relatively urban south of Lower Saxony, located on route between the Ruhr area and Berlin, and the route form Hamburg to the south, has been important for logistics, industry, but also developed a strong standing in the service industries. The total number of people currently living in Germany having FSU connection is around 4 to 4.5 million (Including Germans, Slavs, Jews and those of mixed origins), out of that more than 50% is of German descent.[48][49]. The Saxonian and Thuringian dialects have less prestige and are subject to derision. [24], Note: Berlin is included into East Germany for the year 2002 and 2008. A popular slogan is "We are good at everything. Reforms launched by the government of Chancellor Gerhard SCHROEDER (1998-2005), deemed necessary to address chronically high unemployment and low average growth, contributed to strong economic growth and falling unemployment. [84] Buddhism has around 200,000 adherents (0.2%), Judaism has around 200,000 adherents (0.2%), Hinduism 90,000 (0.1%), Sikhism 75,000 (0.1%) and Yazidis religion (45,000-60,000). [43], In 2008, 18.4% of Germans of any age group and 30% of German children had at least one parent born abroad. [45], As of 2017[update], the population by background was as follows:[47], Simone Hauswald has Migrationshintergrund due to one side of her parents being foreign-born, Mesut Özil is classified as having a migrant background because both of his parents were born in Turkey. Following the March 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster, Chancellor Angela MERKEL announced in May 2011 that eight of the country's 17 nuclear reactors would be shut down immediately and the remaining plants would close by 2022. The total fertility rate was rated at 1.57 in 2018. International organization participation: ADB (nonregional member), AfDB (nonregional member), Arctic Council (observer), Australia Group, BIS, BSEC (observer), CBSS, CD, CDB, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECB, EIB, EITI (implementing country), EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, FATF, G-5, G-7, G-8, G-10, G-20, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD (partners), IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINURSO, MINUSMA, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Pacific Alliance (observer), Paris Club, PCA, Schengen Convention, SELEC (observer), SICA (observer), UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNMISS, UNRWA, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC, three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and gold; these colors have played an important role in German history and can be traced back to the medieval banner of the Holy Roman Emperor - a black eagle with red claws and beak on a gold field, eagle; national colors: black, red, yellow, potatoes, wheat, barley, sugar beets, fruit, cabbages; milk products; cattle, pigs, poultry, among the world's largest and most technologically advanced producers of iron, steel, coal, cement, chemicals, machinery, vehicles, machine tools, electronics, automobiles, food and beverages, shipbuilding, textiles.

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